All our current partners in Nairobi are based in South B and are working to alleviate poverty in the Mukuru slum villages. According to the UN, in 2009, nearly 1 billion people in the world lived in slum areas, this is expected to rise to 2 million over the following 30 years. Poverty is becoming urbanised.
Around 60% of Nairobi’s population live in slum areas which take up 1% of the city’s total land.
The majority of these slums have grown since the mid-1900s due to factors such as political unrest, people moving in search of better opportunities and harsh rural living conditions. And they are growing at an unprecedented rate.
Mukuru slum, situated in the main industrial area on the eastern side of Nairobi, is one of the largest slums in the city with a population of over 500,000 people divided into 20 villages. All over the world slums vary massively in terms of standards of living. Mukuru contains some of the worst conditions in east African slums, even compared to Kibera. 10 x 10 Huts are made from stick frames with iron sheeting walls. These materials combined with high density housing and roads too small to fit a car down makes slum fires a common and lethal occurance. Most houses have bare earth floors which encourages disease and infestation. Renters would be lucky to have a shared pit latrine and open sewers are a common sight. Poverty is a complex web: each form connected to another. To break the cycle it has to be tackled from all sides. Our partners are working to alleviate these conditions by improving security, health, education and income.